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“In the 1950’s, tobacco companies responded to research proving a link between smoking and lung cancer by trying to discredit the science. They formed their own research group to poke holes in the data and to stave off public panic that cigarette smoking could cause serious diseases and death. More than 60 years later, the NHL has responded to a class-action lawsuit regarding head injuries with a similar approach.”
With scientists proving that concussions are directly correlated with the clinical symptoms of C.T.E., it is hard for the NHL to disprove any facts. The NFL – a very familiar opponent of concussion debates – has even recognized the link and has (somewhat) taken action to improve based on these scientific facts.
The State of Nature (Law of Nature) indicates that a rational rule forbids man to do anything destructive to his own life or means of preserving it – a thought experiment – which show responsibilities between differences such as right or wrong. The NHL’s problem with science is a responsibility of right and wrong, and the NHL is in the wrong because of their ignorant and oblivious actions to reject the scientific evidence that has been available for the last few years.
Furthermore, the NHL’s position on C.T.E.’s also contrasts to Mill’s Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is defined as an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility. “Utility” is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities, such as human beings and other animals. The well-being of the players in the NHL are in the hands of NHL executives. More specifically Gary Bettman, the league commissioner. With this law suit directly correlating the long-term effects of concussions being dismissed by the individual who runs the entire league, it means minimizing the utility of the players that it directly effects.
Utilitarianism is a version of consequentialism, which states that the consequences of any action are the only standard of right and wrong. Unlike other forms of consequentialism, such as egoism, utilitarianism considers all interests equally. This attribution of utilitarianism and the explicit wrong of this situation in terms of the NHL’s stance on staying away from pursuing better C.T.E. protocol at the expense of money rather than the well-being of their players is shocking.