I was searching through the news and I came across a couple articles that touched on this topic. A lot of people are already leery when putting their credit card information into sites and online shopping. Now it has come to many peoples attention that credit card scammers are producing fake retail apps, for big companies and department stores, such as Foot Locker and Nordstroms. These fake retail apps have been appearing in apples app store, and have been easily mistaken with a real online shopping app for the store. A lot of people lean more to online shopping and apps during the holiday season because of the convenience. These scammers were targeting shoppers who were doing exactly that. Not only is it causing a financial fraud, but the apps are gaining excess to personal information, and social media accounts. Apple did take action on this issue and starting to search through and remove the fake apps immediately. They aim towards the best costumer service possible for the users. But in all reality, the criminals figured out the trends right now and specifically targeted consumers to get access to their consumers.
We can look at the issue of the scammers for several ethical standpoints. Testing the rationality of the action from a Kantian perspective using the categorical imperatives. Using his first categorical imperative which is the universal law of formulation. What would it be like if everyone were to scam people and excess their personal and financial information? If everyone were to perform this action, it would become self defeating because there would be no more confidential information to access. Therefore the action would be going against their duties and is not rational. You can also use Kant’s humanity formulation. In this case I believe that that scammers were treating the consumers merely as a means. They were accessing information and invading personal privacy, as if their privacy rights were not considered at all. As it stated in the article, it stated that their intentions were malicious. Their actions contradict the idea of the good will that Kant set out. That you choose that action because it is the right thing to do and choosing an action for its own sake. All I can say is be careful this holiday season when online shopping and what information you are providing to sites.